Underline the phrasal verbs in these texts. Remember the particle or preposition may not be immediately next to the verb.
- I decided to take up gardening, so I went to the library, took a book out and read up on the subject. I found out so many interesting things, such as the best time to plant flowers out for the summer and how to grow vegetables. I’ve really got into it now and spend hours in the garden every weekend.
- The other day we went off on a hike in the mountains. We put our wet-weather gear on as the weather forecast wasn’t good. We set off early to avoid the rush hour and soon reached the starting point for our walk. The whole walk took about four hours and when we got back we were exhausted.
- I have to catch up on my coursework this weekend as I’ve fallen behind a bit. I worked on till midnight last night but I still have loads to do. I have to hand one essay in on Tuesday and another one on Friday. I’m not sure whether I’ll make it, but I’ll try.
We often use verbs with these words:
Now let us look at the phrasal verbs given below:-
- Put about
To put about is to start a rumor or to create trouble.
- Put across
To put across is to communicate an idea well so that others can understand it.
Example :She could not put across her plan.
He puts himself across well.
- Put aside / by
To put something aside is to save it for future use. The expression ‘set aside’ has the same meaning.
- Put aside can also mean ‘place to one side’.
Put aside those books and come with me.
- Put away
To put something away is to save it for later use.
You must learn to put away a few dollars a week.
To put away is to discard.
Example : The master exhorted his students to put away those superstitions.
To put somebody away is to confine them in a mental hospital or a jail.
Example: He was put away for five years.
- Put down
To put something down is to write it down or register.
To put down a rebellion is to suppress it.
Put down can also mean ‘attribute’ or ‘ascribe’.
Example: I would rather put down these mistakes to carelessness.
- Put forth
To put forth is to bring out or propose.
Example: No one has put forth a viable solution
To put forth can also mean ‘exert’ or ‘exercise’.
Example: They put forth their best effort to win.
- Put forward
To put something forward is to propose it.
Example: Jane put forward an interesting idea.
- Take over –to take charge; to assume control
Example: The competition was in 1 hour so there would have been no time for another member of the crew to try to take over the controls.
- Come in – to receive or acquire something. (Also literal.)
Example: Don’t just stand outside in the snow; come on in and sit by the fireplace. Much feedback from Korean citizens will come in if Namdaemun is to be rebuilt.
- Look forward to
a- To expect (something) with pleasure.
Example: “William is really looking forward to going on holiday”
- Look up
Example: “The economy is finally looking up”
b- To search for (something) in a reference book, on the Internet, etc.
Example: “Let’s look up his number in the yellow pages”
- Make out–
a- To write down the required information on (something, such as a check).
Example: “Who shall I make the check out to?”
b- To hear and understand (something)
Example: “I can’t make out what you’re saying, can you speak louder?”
c- To kiss and touch for a long time in a sexual way.
Example: “We made out in the back of his car”
- Pass out
a- To fall asleep or become unconscious.
Example: “Lisa was so tired, she got home and passed out on the sofa”
b- to give (something) to several or many people.
Example: “I passed out leaflets with information on our course”
- Pull over
a- To move a vehicle to the side of the road and stop.
Example: “That looks like a lovely restaurant, can you pull the car over and park?”
- Put down
To place (someone or something that you have been holding or carrying) on a table, on the floor, etc.
Example: “You can put the suitcases down in the bedroom”
To write (something) : to record (something) in writing
Example: “He put down his memories to write a book when he was older”
c- To give (an amount of money) as a first payment when you are buying something that costs a lot of money
Example: “My husband and I are going to put down some money to buy that house in the centre of town”
d- To kill (an animal) in a way that causes it little pain usually because it is injured or sick
Example: “Jessica had to have her rabbit put down; it was very sick”
- Put off
a- To decide that (something) will happen at a later time : postpone.
Example: “Graham was so tired he put the shopping off until next week”
b- To cause (someone) to dislike someone or something
Example: “You’re putting me off my food, stop talking about insects!”
- Put up with
a- To allow (someone or something unpleasant or annoying) to exist or happen.
Example: “My mother won’t put up with my sisters or I swearing”
- Turn up
a- To be found usually unexpectedly.
Example: “Oh! My phone turned up in my bed!”
b- To arrive at a place
Example: “As always, Julian turned up late”
c- To increase the volume, temperature, etc., of something by pressing a button, moving a switch, etc.
Example: “Please turn the music up, I love this song!”
20 . Watch out
a- To be aware of something dangerous.
Example: “Watch out in the mountain, there are bears there!”