E-Learning English Grammer 

Tenses

Tenses

Tenses can be defined as follows:

a form of a verb that is used to show when an action happened

or

a distinction of form in a verb to express distinctions of time or duration of the action or state it denotes

or

a verb-based method used to indicate the time, and sometimes the continuation or completeness, of an action or state in relation to the time of speaking.

 

Types of Tenses

There are three types of tenses:

  • Present Tense
  • Past Tense
  • Future Tense

Present Tense: a tense expressing an action that is currently going on or habitually performed, or a state that currently or generally exists.

Examples: He gets up early in the morning.

                  The Sun rises in the east.

Types of Present Tense: Present Tense is further divided into four categories:

  1. Simple Present
  2. Present Continuous
  3. Present Perfect
  4. Present Perfect Continuous

 

Rules for Present Tense

Simple

1st form + s / es

I live-she lives-they live

I don’t live-he doesn’t live

Do you live?-does she live?

Continuous

am / is /are + 1st form + ing

I am living-she is living

I am not living-he is not living

Are you living?-Is she living?

Perfect

have / has + 3rd form

 I have lived-she has lived

I have not lived-he has not lived

Have you lived?-has she lived?

Perfect Continuous

have / has been + 1st form + ing

 I have been living-she has been living

I have not been living-she has not been living

Have you been living?-has she been living?

Past Tense: The past tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time. 

Examples: I killed a snake.
                  He ate a mango.

Types of Past Tense: Past Tense is further divided into four categories:

  1. Simple Past
  2. Past Continuous
  3. Past Perfect
  4. Past Perfect Continuous

Rules for Past Tense

Simple

2nd form

I lived-she lived-they lived

I didn’t live-he didn’t live

Did you live?-did she live?

Continuous

was/were + 1st form + ing

I was living-she was living

I was not living-he was not living

Were you living?-Was she living ?

Perfect

had + 3rd form

I had lived-she had lived

I had not lived-he had not lived

Had you lived?-had she lived?

Perfect Continuous

Had been + 1st form + ing

I had been living-she had been living

I had not been living-he had not been living

Had you been living?-had she been living

Future Tense: a future tense is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future.

Examples: Next month he will be ten years old.

                  I believe it will be a very nice party.

Types of Future Tense: Future Tense is further divided into four categories:

  1. Simple Indefinite
  2. Future Continuous
  3. Future Perfect
  4. Future Perfect Continuous

Rules for Future Tense:

Simple

will /shall + 1st form

I will live-she will  live

I will not live-he will not live

will you live?-will she live?

Continuous

will be + 1st form + ing

I will be living-she will be living

I will not be living-he will not be living

will you be  living?-will she be living?

Perfect

will have + 3rd form

I will have lived-she will have lived

I will not have lived-he will not have lived

will you have lived?- will she have lived?

Perfect Continuous

will have been + 1st form + ing

I will have been living-she will have been living

I will not have been living-he will not have been living

Will you have been living?-will she have been living?

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